12p Daisy Avellana (Film & Theatre) - Singles (50,000)
12p Leonor Orosa Goquinco (Dance) - Singles (50,000)
12p Nick Joaquin (Literature) - Singles
12p Cesar Legaspi (Visual Arts) - Singles (50,000)
12p Jose Maceda (Music) - Singles (50,000)
12p Wilfrido Ma. Guerrero (Theatre) - Singles (50,000)
Designer: Victorino Z. Serevo
First Day Covers: Manila
National Artists of the Philippines
DAISY AVELLANA – National Artist for Film &
Theatre. Daisy Avellana
was a Filipino stage actress and theater director. Avellana was
honored as a National Artist of the Philippines for Theater and Film
in 1999. Avellana was born Daisy Hontiveros on January 26, 1917, in
Capiz, Capiz. She
elevated legitimate theater and dramatic arts to a new level of
excellence by staging and performing in breakthrough productions of
classic Filipino and foreign plays and by encouraging the
establishment of performing groups and the professionalization of
Filipino theater. Together with her husband, National Artist
Lamberto Avellana and other artists, she co-founded the Barangay
Theatre Guild in 1939 which paved the way for the popularization of
theatre and dramatic arts in the country, utilizing radio and
LEONOR OROSA GOQUINCO – National Artist for Dance.
Leonor Orosa-Goquingco was a Filipino national artist in
creative dance. She could play the piano, draw, design scenery and
costumes, sculpt, act, direct, dance and choreograph.
Dubbed the “Trailblazer”, “Mother of Philippine Theater
Dance” and “Dean of Filipino Performing Arts Critics”, Leonor Orosa
Goquingco, pioneer Filipino choreographer in balletic folkloric and
Asian styles, produced for over 50 years highly original,
first-of-a-kind choreographies, mostly to her own storylines. These
include “TREND: Return to Native,” “In a Javanese Garden,” “Sports,”
“VINTA!,” “In a Concentration Camp,” “The Magic Garden,” “The
Clowns,” “Firebird,” “Noli Dance Suite,” “The Flagellant,” “The
Creation…” Seen as her most ambitious work is the dance epic “Filipinescas:
Philippine Life, Legend and Lore.” With it, Orosa brought native
folk dance, mirroring Philippine culture from pagan to modern times,
to its highest stage of development.
NICK JOAQUIN – National Artist for Literature.
Nicomedes Márquez Joaquín was a Filipino writer, historian
and journalist, best known for his short stories and novels in the
English language. Nick Joaquin, is regarded by many as the most
distinguished Filipino writer in English writing so variedly and so
well about so many aspects of the Filipino. Nick Joaquin has also
enriched the English language with critics coining “Joaquinesque” to
describe his baroque Spanish-flavored English or his reinventions of
English based on Filipinisms. Aside from his handling of language,
Bienvenido Lumbera writes that Nick Joaquin’s significance in
Philippine literature involves his exploration of the Philippine
colonial past under Spain and his probing into the psychology of
social changes as seen by the young, as exemplified in stories such
as Doña Jeronima, Candido’s Apocalypse and The Order of Melchizedek.
Nick Joaquin has written plays, novels, poems, short stories and
essays including reportage and journalism. As a journalist, Nick
Joaquin uses the nome de guerre Quijano de Manila.
CESAR LEGASPI – National Artist for Visual Arts.
Cesar Torrente Legaspi is a Filipino National Artist in
painting. He was also an art director prior to going full-time in
his visual art practice in the 1960s.
A pioneer “Neo-Realist” of the country, Cesar Legaspi is
remembered for his singular achievement of refining cubism in the
Philippine context. Legaspi belonged to the so-called “Thirteen
Moderns” and later, the “Neo-realists”. His distinctive style and
daring themes contributed significantly to the advent and eventual
acceptance of modern art in the Philippines. Legaspi made use of the
geometric fragmentation technique, weaving social comment and
juxtaposing the mythical and modern into his overlapping,
interacting forms with disturbing power and intensity.
JOSE MACEDA – National Artist for Music.
composer, musicologist, teacher and performer, explored the
musicality of the Filipino deeply. Maceda embarked on a life-long
dedication to the understanding and popularization of Filipino
traditional music. Maceda’s researches and fieldwork have resulted
in the collection of an immense number of recorded music taken from
the remotest mountain villages and farthest island communities. He
wrote papers that enlightened scholars, both Filipino and foreign,
about the nature of Philippine traditional and ethnic music.
Maceda’s experimentation also freed Filipino musical expression from
a strictly Eurocentric mold.
Usually performed as a communal ritual, his compositions
(1963), Pagsamba (1968),
and Udlot-udlot (1975),
are monuments to his unflagging commitment to Philippine music.
WILFRIDO MA. GUERRERO – National Artist for
Theatre. Wilfrido Maria
Guerrero was a Filipino playwright, director,
teacher and theater artist. Guerrero wrote well over 100
plays, 41 of which have been published. He was a teacher and
theater artist whose 35 years of devoted professorship has produced
the most sterling luminaries in Philippine performing arts today:
Behn Cervantes, Celia Diaz-Laurel, Joy Virata, Joonee Gamboa, etc.
In 1947, he was appointed as UP Dramatic Club director and served
for 16 years. As founder and artistic director of the UP Mobile
Theater, he pioneered the concept of theater campus tour and
delivered no less than 2,500 performances in a span of 19 committed
years of service. By bringing theatre to countryside, Guerrero made
it possible for students and audiences in general to experience the
basic grammar of staging and acting in familiar and friendly ways
through his plays that humorously reflect the behavior of the